The concept of creating the journal results from the rapid development of medical science, including phthisiology. Truly revolutionary discoveries and, in particular, decoding in late 1998 Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome (Cole et.al 1998), the introduction of molecular biology techniques to clinical practice gave impetus to the improvement of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of tuberculosis, became the basis for elimination of this dreadful disease. And a lot needs to be done in this direction. The detection and the rising incidence rate of tuberculosis with multiple and extensive drug resistance of MTB, the rise of associated forms of infection, including those with HIV infection, the treatment of which is extremely complicated and costly, require the scientific community to address new global challenges. “CTRI Bulletin” is a specialized journal focused on fundamental experimental studies in the field of tuberculosis, primarily on bacteriological, immunological and pathogenetic aspects of the disease, as well as on the transmission of the results of basic research into clinical practice. The periodical will present the original fundamental and applied research data, as well as thematic reviews of the Russian and foreign scientists in the field of phthisiology, pulmonology and related sciences. Clinical examples and lectures will be also presented in the journal. Scientific discussions will enable our readers to exchange views on controversial and current issues of modern phthisiology and pulmonology. The primary goal of the journal is present knowledge structuring. We will use and summarize the Russian and the world’s scientific experience and make it accessible to the utmost to a wide range of international and local experts in order to accelerate and facilitate introducing scientific developments into practical healthcare. We hope that “CTRI Bulletin” will contribute to the integration of achievements to determine the most effective prevention strategy, timely diagnosis and selection of the proper treatment and rehabilitation of patients with tuberculosis. Good luck!